Laboratoire pour l’Utilisation des Lasers Intenses

Director: Patrick Audebert
Location: Palaiseau and Jussieu
Keywords: Plasma Physics, Atomic Physics, X-ray Spectroscopy and Non-equilibrium Radiative Properties of Matter.


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The expertise of the laboratory involves plasmas produced by high energy lasers, laser-matter interaction in the ns and ps regime, atomic physics of hot plasmas and investigations of non-equilibrium radiative properties, hydrodynamics of laser produced plasmas and equations of state at high pressure, Warm Dense Matter, physics of particles and photons sources, development of new laser technologies and high energy density matter produced by XUV- and X-ray Free Electron Lasers. The most important scientific drivers of these studies are Laboratory Astrophysics (including Planetology) and Fusion by Inertial Confinement. The mission of LULI also involves the operation of laser infrastructures, like the LULI 2000 (Nd laser, KJ, ns-ps) and ELFIE (Ti-Saph, 60J, ps), which are open to European researchers through I3 LASERLAB-EUROPE. The Laboratory has 4 teams involved in PLAS@PAR:

Atomic Physics in Dense Plasmas (PAPD), Team Leader: Frank Rosmej

PAPD has a long-standing expertise in atomic physics in dense plasmas, X-ray spectroscopy and radiative properties of hot plasmas. The group has conducted numerous experiments at different installations: high energy optical laser, XUV-Free Electron laser, Z-pinch, X-pinch, plasma focus, vacuum spark, tokamaks, magnetized plasmas, heavy ion beams. The group supports the development of high-resolution x-ray diagnostics and the exploration of the 4th generation of light sources (XUV- and X-ray Free Electron Lasers) for high energy density physics research.

Theory & Interpretation, Plasma and Simulations (TIPS), Team Leader: Caterina Riconda

The LULI group TIPS is a theory and simulation group that disposes of a number of different (kinetic and fluid) codes, in order to tackle different problems at different levels of detail: laser-plasma interaction with application to Inertial Confinement Fusion and to amplification of ultra-short light pulses, laser - overdense plasma coupling at the surface of solids, surface waves excitation, electron and ion acceleration, laboratory astrophysics and physics of relativistic plasmas. The group is the scientific coordinator of SMILEI, a modern, robust and flexible multi dimensional code. Intense Particles & Radiation Sources (SPRINT)

Intense Particles & Radiation Sources (SPRINT), Team Leader: J. Fuchs

The SPRINT group is pursuing studies relative to two types of plasmas: (1) “thermal” (as in solar interior) and (2) “beam-like” (as in particle accelerators where particles gain an enormous forward directed energy). SPRINT focuses on experimental investigations of matter in those various states. SPRINT also considers applications exploiting plasmas for handling light or particles, to mimicking fusion or star-forming phenomena in the laboratory. This group has been pioneer in setting up a system that allows the exploration of the rich, although little known today, physics opportunities offered by magnetizing dense laser-plasmas.